THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. English writers imitated the French blindly; rather they copied the worst vices of the French, instead of their wit, delicacy and refinement. His Absalom and Achitophel and Mac Flecknoe are very popular satires. They express superficial manners and customs of the aristocratic and urban society and did not pry into the mysteries of human mind and heart. The authors of the period were not endowed with exceptional literary talents. Renaissance : The Jacobean Age – English literature. Romanticist writer Sir Walter Scott called him "Glorious John". The period from 1660 to 1700 is named as the Restoration period. Background: The Augustans and the Age of Reason. Morality was on the wane. John Dryden (1631-1700). Welcome here , In this video I explain the introduction of Restoration Period. After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. John Dryden (1631-1700) Alexander Pope (1688-1744) Restoration Period (1660-1688) Augustan Age (1690-1744) John Dryden and Alexander Pope were Restoration period and Augustan Age poets. Mac Flecknoe (1682) Mac Flecknoe is a classic work of the Restoration period. The Age of John Dryden roughly spans the period from the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 to the year 1700. This Restoration brought about a revolutionary change in social life and literature. Mac Flecknoe (1682) Mac Flecknoe is a classic work of the Restoration period. Dryden accepted the excellent rule for his prose, and adopted the heroic couplet, as the next best thing for the greater part of this poetry. Called his plays Musicals ... John Dryden. Many of the key concepts of Restoration philosophy emerged in the last decades of the eighteenth century, when writers such as Edmund Burke (Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790), Joseph de Maistre (Considerations sur la France, 1796), and Novalis (Christenheit oder Europa,1799) launched an assault on the Enlightenment and its seemingly destructive and sinful cult of abstract reason. The religious controversy was also going on. 2. In it, Dryden makes fun of his literary rival: a poet by the name of Thomas Shadwell. No doubt about it; Dryden is your first stop for Restoration-y goodness. The following characteristics distinguish this period: [1] THE RESTORATION: During this period gravity, spiritual zeal, moral earnestness, and decorum were thrown to winds. The neoclassicists imitated the rules and ignored the importance of the subject matter. THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. 0 1 2. There was a stern reaction against the morality of the Puritans. Restoration literature, English literature written after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following the period of the Commonwealth. The King had a number of mistresses and numerous children. Women played men. The people believed in the present, the real and the material. The period, which also included the reign Congreve, Etherege, and Whycherly were the eminent writers of the comedy of manners. These things can be noticed in the age of Dryden and Pope. It also influenced contemporary literature. Why is this period called the Restoration? They did not pry into mysteries of the human mind and heart. He is noted for his political satires, for his vigorous use of the heroic couplet, for his modern prose style, and for his literary criticisms. He was surrounded by corrupt courtiers. In the history of English literature the period dating from 1660 to 1700 is called the Age of Dryden. Pepys wrote in his diary that he was bored to see Shakespeare‘s Midsummer Night’s Dream. This age offered leading authors like Dryden and Congreve whose contribution to the literature is memorable. Trouser Roles. Thus grew the neo-classical school of poetry. The entire nation rose against him. Why is the restoration period called the age of reason? The Restoration, the controversies, and the revolution of 1688 deeply influenced the literature of the age. (1) The restoration of Charles II to the English throne in 1660. They are: the Restoration of Charles II to the throne in 1660; the religious and political controversies, and the Popish Plot; and the Golden Revolution of the year 1688. and left of marble.‖ Dryden was the first representative of the new ideas that were to dominate English literature till the end of the eighteenth century. Pascal, Racine, Boileau, and other French writers were imitated blindly. scientific and objective outlook. While London was burning and the people were suffering, the King and his nobles kept up their revels. It strengthened in the succeeding age of Pope. It is called classical. This French influence is also responsible for the growth of opera. That is a period where all three monarchies were reunited under one rule, that of Charles II. The natural instincts which were suppressed during the previous era came to violent excesses. The Eighteenth Century in England is called the Classical Age or the Augustan Age in literature. Thus grew the neo-classical school of poetry. It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age. Introduction to Prose: Fiction and Non- Fiction: Political Organization & System of Uk & Usa, 17th and 18th Century Non-Fictional Prose, Restoration and Eighteenth Century Fiction, Restoration and Eighteenth Century Poetry and Drama, Literary Criticism (From Victorian to Modern Age), Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching, characteristics of the age of pope restoration age in hindi, development of theatre in restoration age, why was charles ii known as the merry monarch, Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde Summary, Felix Randal By Gerard Manley Hopkins Summary & Analysis, King Lear William Shakespeare Translation in Bengali – 3, To His Coy Mistress Poem Summary and Analysis. This reflected the mood of the century. The King was received with wild joy on his return from exile. It can be said that the last years of the seventeenth century form a distinct period. They directed their attention to the slavish imitation of rules and ignored the importance of the subject matter. Rules and literary conventions became more important than the depth and seriousness of the subject matter to the writers of this period. The spirit of corruption and moral laxity, which were predominant in the social life of the restoration, are reflected in literature. The supporters of the Puritan regime were fanatically persecuted. The people of England were suffering from tension due to the strict rule of Cromwell. Heroic play, also called heroic drama or heroic tragedy, a type of play prevalent in Restoration England during the 1660s and 1670s.. With the development of Restoration Age, English prose moves speedily towards being strictly functional. Be the first to answer! Answer. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the … But prose in and after the Restoration Age has the modern qualities of clarity, precision and simplicity. He was a dominating figure of the Restoration Age. The restoration of King Charles II in 1660 marks the beginning of a new era both in the life and the literature of England. There are three historical events which influenced the life& literature of the age of Dryden. In the field of poetry he was, in fact, the only poet worth mentioning. John Milton's Paradise Lost—which tells the epic tale of the banishment of man from the Garden of Eden—was published during this period (though Milton himself was a bit of an outsider to the Restoration literary scene, because he identified as a Puritan). In literature the Restoration was a period of novelty, change and refoundation rather than of great writing. While it neglected romantic poetry, in which youth is eternally interested, it led to a keener study of the practical motives which govern human action.‖ The Restoration writers eschewed all extravagances of thought and language and aimed at achieving directness and simplicity of expression. During the restoration, King Charles II was restored to the throne, which marked the beginning of a new epoch in English literature. .… The combined influence of French and classical models of tragedy is seen in the heroic tragedy. Thus the Restoration age has great importance in the literary history of England. He was the dominating figure of the Restoration period, and he made his mark in the fields of poetry, drama and prose. Samuel Butler and John Oldham are also famous for their satires. 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