A pun is a form of wordplay that takes advantage of words that have similar pronunciations or multiple meanings. It can be either a non-standard dialect or standardized variety of the language. This diglossic situation facilitates code-switching in which a speaker switches back and forth between the two varieties of the language, sometimes even within the same sentence. Accessed March 7, 2020. German differentiates between Hochdeutsch/Standarddeutsch (Standard German) and Umgangssprache (everyday/vernacular language). Pun 20. In the Javanese language, alphabet characters derived from the alphabets used to write Sanskrit, no longer in ordinary use, are used in literary words as a mark of respect. William Shakespeare. Types of Figurative Language That Enhance Your Writing, Ways to Use Figurative Language to Add Dimension and Color to Writing, The Importance of Using Symbolism In Fiction Writing, Examples of Metaphors in Literature and Pop Culture, Improve Your Craft With These Point of View Writing Exercises, Using Common Metaphors and Similes Add Color to Your Writing, Tips to Keep in Mind While Developing Your Writing Style, An Explanation of the Term 'Voice' in Fiction Writing, Use Metaphors Correctly as a Tool in Your Writing, Young Adult Book Market Facts and Figures, Alfred Hitchcock- Puns Are the Highest Form of Literature, "The late afternoon sky bloomed in the window for a moment like the blue honey of the Mediterranean.” —F. The works of Plautus and Terence, being comedies with many characters who were slaves, preserve some early basilectal Latin features, as does the recorded speech of the freedmen in the Cena Trimalchionis by Petronius Arbiter. Page 315. William Shakespeare.  At this time and into the Renaissance, the practice of aureation (the introduction of terms from classical languages, often through poetry) was an important part of the reclamation of status for the English language, and many historically aureate terms are now part of general common usage.  N'Ko publications include a translation of the Qur'an, a variety of textbooks on subjects such as physics and geography, poetic and philosophical works, descriptions of traditional medicine, a dictionary, and several local newspapers. Synecdoche is more narrow in scope, and is often categorized as a type of metonymy. The Turkic Chagatai language served as the high register literary standard for Central Asian Turkic peoples, while the vernacular low register languages were the Uzbek language and Eastern Turki (Modern Uyghur). The Finnish language has a literary variant, literary Finnish, and a spoken variant, spoken Finnish. a Moroccan speaking with a Kuwaiti), they are able to code switch into MSA for the sake of communication. It is, for example, the language of textbooks, of much of Tamil literature and of public speaking and debate. —Emily Dickinson, "Because I could not stop for Death", “These are the lips of the lake, on which no beard grows. Keller, Stefan Daniel. William Shakespeare. Assonance 13. "East of Eden." Accessed March 7, 2020. The 1987 Constitution maintains that Filipino is the country’s national language and one of two official languages, alongside English. Slavonic-Serbian (slavenosrpski) was the literary language of Serbs in the Habsburg Monarchy used from the mid-18th century to 1825. (regional verbal irony in the southern U.S.), “Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation …” Abraham Lincoln—“The Gettysburg Address”, “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” Charles Dickens—A Tale of Two Cities. Modern Standard Arabic is the contemporary literary and standard register of Classical Arabic used in writing across all Arabic-speaking countries and any governing body with Arabic as an official language. Onomatopoeia 5. Though for a large part based on the Ọyọ and Ibadan dialects, Standard Yoruba incorporates several features from other dialects.  Some literary works with low-register language from the Classical Latin period give a glimpse into the world of early Vulgar Latin. R.R.Mehrotra in Ofelia García, Ricardo Otheguy. It may be classified according to a variety of systems, including language and genre. When used in fiction writing, hyperbole can be a powerful tool, allowing you to heighten a feeling, action, or quality. N'Ko is a literary language devised by Solomana Kante in 1949 as a writing system for the Mande languages of West Africa. It is often used to establish a sense of authority or to provide context. Many of the terms used to described a certain figure of speech originate in a poem, book or performance. Today, Filipino is considered the proper term for the language of the Philippines, especially by Filipino-speakers who are not of Tagalog origin, with many referring to the Filipino language as “Tagalog-based". Shakespeare is the undisputed master of the literary pun. "The Waste Land." "Alfred Hitchcock- Puns Are the Highest Form of Literature." The types of children’s literature that students at the JSS level enjoy are likely to vary. The Georgian language has a literary liturgical form, the Old Georgian language, while the vernacular spoken varieties are the Georgian dialects and other related Kartvelian languages like Svan language, Mingrelian language, and Laz language. Accessed March 7, 2020. It was once the language of culture (especially of poetry), from the Balkans to the Deccan, functioning as a lingua franca. Ezra Pound. The main types of figurative language are used for different purposes, and understanding their strengths helps you to use each one to its greatest possible effect. Language learning strategies have been identified as one of the pivotal factors. Simile 2. Hyperbole is an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis, humor, or effect. Introduction The success in learning English as a foreign language is influenced by many factors. If you've ever called a businessman a "suit," named someone's car a "set of wheels," or referred to a "hired hand," you've used synecdoche, a literary device that uses one part to refer to the whole. John Steinbeck. Sarcasm 18. , Tamil exhibits a strong diglossia, characterised by three styles: a classical literary style modelled on the ancient language, a modern literary and formal style and a modern colloquial form. Literary Chinese continually diverged from Classical Chinese as the dialects of China became more disparate and as the Classical written language became less representative of the spoken language. Verbal irony is when a narrator or character says one thing in a text, but means another. 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