Use a clean, sharp pruning hand saw to make all of the cuts. Explaining the concept of rose pruning without a live bush to demonstrate on is difficult, so let your mind loose to help visualize the following steps in rose pruning. Figure 6 Pruning at the branch collar encourages formation of a callus that seals the wound and protects the tree. To avoid tearing the bark, prune large branches in three cuts. When pruning a tree branch, look for the branch collar, the swollen or ridged area where the branch attaches to the tree trunk. Pruning Methods (also consult the American Rose Society : Pruning). This first cut should be approximately ¼ of the way through the branch. Posted on July 7, 2019 by Angelo (admin) The first step in pruning a tree, before making and cuts to change the shape or size of a tree, is to remove any dead, diseased or broken branches. There are many ways to prune a tree, but there's only one foolproof method that prevents surviving branches from developing fungus and makes sure the bark stays intact and the tree's structural tissue isn't damaged: it's called the three-cut method. Then follow the three-cut method. Make the first and second cuts about 12 inches from the trunk. Make the third cut near the branch collar at 45 degrees to the trunk. Tree Pruning, How to Remove Tree Branches Correctly. cut back into healthy wood, but sterilize your pruning equipment first in case you’ve cut into diseased wood previously, I use a mixture of 70% methylated spirits with 30% water in a spray bottle, some people use a 10% bleach solution-90% water mix for the same purpose. I would prune after harvest as the weather will be warmer and drier, minimizing potential entry of disease into pruning cuts. Treating wounds Annual heavy pruning is essential to insure the prolific bloom and long-life of a rose bush. 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