These were high-class performances and they would often play duets or trios all on the piano. This is where we get the eight-to-a-bar rhythm. One famous song from this period was “Freight Train Boogie” by the Delmore Brothers. This is our first bassline to mix both quarter notes and eighth notes up. By the mid-1970s, the meaning of the term returned to its roots, in a certain sense, as during the disco era, "to boogie" meant "to dance in a disco style" with one hit song in particular sung by the Euro disco group Silver Convention, "Get Up and Boogie". In 2010, Marshall, Texas, enacted an official declaration for being the birthplace of boogie-woogie music, and the city is now investing in further research as well as making it a tourist attraction. Basically it was party music. Also known as "notes inégales", swung notes are widely used in jazz music and other jazz-influenced music such as blues and Western swing. These regional differences were so apparent that musicians could quickly tell where a performer was from based on their style. (Four reasons and remedies), I Teach 50 Adult Students, and These Are the Books That Never Leave My Desk. This Texan style differentiated from the slower New Orleans style of jazz and blues. But first, let’s look at 12-bar blues as it relates to boogie-woogie music. The earliest recorded boogie-woogie song was in 1916. In the late 1930s, boogie became part of the then popular Swing style, as big bands such as "Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, and Louis Jordan...all had boogie hits." Join the Songwriting Workshop: Music Theory Basics for Beginners! Another boogie-woogie figure is the “Black Diamond” bassline, named after the community in which it originated (like all of these others) – not to be confused with challenging ski hills, though this pattern certainly has its own challenges. Wayne Schmidt remarks that with boogie-woogie songs, the "bass line isn't just a time keeper or 'fill' for the right hand"; instead, the bassline has equal importance to the right hand's melodic line. Some of the most famous boogie-woogie musicians include Meade Lux Lewis, Jimmy Yancey and Albert Ammons (who we’ll mention later), as well as Cripple Clarence Lofton and Sugar Chile Robinson. The first time the actual spelling of “boogie-woogie” was used was in 1928 with Pinetop’s Boogie Woogie, which also conveniently contained dance instructions in the lyrics. The Oxford English Dictionary states that the word is a redoubling of boogie, which was used for rent parties as early as 1913. I hope you enjoyed this look at Boogie-Woogie music. Aside from country artists, people in many genres have released boogie-woogie music since the fifties. The “Texas and Pacific” bassline, boogie-woogie’s most well-known figure, was developed by piano players performing at the boarding house for workers building the Texas and Pacific bridge. Let’s finish up with a discussion on qualities and characteristics that make up boogie-woogie music. As well, country artists began playing boogie woogie in the late 1930s, when Johnny Barfield recorded "Boogie Woogie". It’s a walking, scale-like pattern: You can see the pattern occasionally shift to 1-3-5-6-8-6-5-3 as well (the b7 shifts to an 8, changing the chord from a C7 to a regular C major chord). [7], However, by the early 1950s, boogie became less popular, and by the mid-1950s, its related form, rock & roll, became the most popular style. We’ll start with “The Marshall”, since I already mentioned it – and since Marshall, Texas, is considered the birthplace of boogie-woogie. It’s catchy but more complex: The Swamp Poodle bassline, named after Texarkana’s red-light district, is basically just a broken-octave doubling of the Texas and Pacific bassline. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window). Melodies tend to use the blues scale with some chromaticism for interest. A simple lead guitar boogie pattern is as follows:[9], Boogie patterns are played with a swing or shuffle rhythm and generally follow the "one finger per fret" rule, where, as in the case directly above, if the third finger always covers the notes on the third fret, the second finger going only on the second fret, etc.[9]. Our Texas and Pacific bassline was a walking pattern that looked like this: And the Swamp Poodle is identical, but now we’re rocking octaves. Boogie-woogie is all about dancing (unlike other blues music which is all about emotion). [3] Boogie woogie developed from a piano style that developed in the rough barrelhouse bars in the Southern states, where a piano player performed for the hard-drinking patrons. The Will Bradley Orchestra wrote boogie-woogie tunes including “Beat Me Daddy (Eight to the Bar)” and “Down the Road a Piece”. As such, it’s quite a bit trickier to play. In the late 1980s and the early 1990s country bands released country boogies. Other boogie-woogie songs coming into popularity around this time included “Boo-Woo” and “Woo-Woo” by Harry James, Pete Johnson and Albert Ammons. It tended to be working-class music, born in communities of workers (lumberyards, railroad workers and so on), or urban rent parties. "[3] In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the term "could mean anything from a racy style of dance to a raucous party or to a sexually transmitted disease. Sometimes you’d see 14-bar blues or 11-bar blues – but this is the basic premise of the pattern. The first wave of boogie-woogie players was influenced by ragtime music (which we discussed in another video), whereas later boogie-woogie players were more influenced by blues music. We’ll come back around to these soon and go through them in full. It’s the simplest boogie-woogie pattern, with four-to-a-bar (meaning there are four left-hand beats in each bar). Next up is the Texarkana & Northern bassline, invented by people working on the Kansas City Southern Railroad. On the 9th and 10th bar (the shorter bars), our pattern changes to: The Shreveport bassline, from Shreveport, Louisiana, is from the red-light district where famous musician Lead Belly grew up. If you’re interested in starting to learn boogie-woogie on the piano, this WikiHow article is actually really helpful. WikiHow article is actually really helpful, this book looks like a solid introduction to boogie-woogie, Practice with no progress? Since this song became a hit, it helped establish the connection between the term “boogie-woogie” and the style of music. It follows a walking pattern of : It’s easy to play – you simply plunk your hands in a five-finger position and get to work. Still four-to-a-bar, our pattern with The Hoxie is: It’s basically a chord plus the sixth note. For example, if you’re in the key of C, the “I” chord, or first chord, is C. The IV chord would be F (since F is four notes up from C), and the V chord would be G (since G is 5 notes up from C). A swing or shuffle rhythm is the rhythm produced by playing repeated pairs of notes in this way. As we’ve talked about in-depth, it’s a piano-based genre that tends to incorporate 12-bar blues and specific basslines. The "B" and "C" notes are played by stretching the fourth finger from the "A" two and three frets up to "B" and "C" respectively on the same string. This pattern is an elaboration or decoration of the chord or level and is the same on all the primary triads (I, IV, V), although the dominant, or any chord, may include the seventh on the third beat[2] (see also, degree (music)). The left-hand doesn’t have any variation in a piece, maintaining a consistent pattern while the right-hand riffs on top of it. The piano players became much better known and the form expanded from being primarily a solo piano style to big band performances. It grew in popularity to become swing music’s second-biggest hit (the first being Glenn Miller’s “In the Mood”). In boogie-woogie, the left hand features repeated rhythms, also known as an ostinato or "chains" This activist spurred the boogie-woogie revival of the 1930s with his concert From Spirituals to Swing: [citation needed] By the 1930s, Swing bands such as Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey and Louis Jordan all had boogie hits. A standard 12-bar blues pattern looks like this: The Roman numerals represent a chord. Once upon a time we looked at an overview of American music history, where we discussed Jazz, Rock and other American-born genres. [4] Boogie and rock were fused by 70s rock musicians such as T.Rex, Suzi Quatro, Gary Glitter, Canned Heat, ZZ Top, George Thorogood & The Destroyers, Status Quo,[8] Grand Funk Railroad, and Foghat. There are a couple other boogie-woogie basslines that take a different shape and form, as you’ll see. 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