So you know that the closest star to Earth is the sun right! On the surface of the sun, there are dark, cooler spots known as sunspots. The surface is around 10,000 degrees F/5,500 degrees C and although it’s a lot cooler that the intensely hot core, it’s still hot enough to make elements such as diamonds, carbon, and graphite boil. Required fields are marked *, Stars are just fascinating altogether with many facts. The Sun is mostly composed of hydrogen (70%) and Helium (28%). Once our sun begins to expand it will eventually become a red giant star. Interesting Information: Our sun is made up of two main gases: hydrogen and helium and is referred to as a “sequence star.” The creating of our sun happened with two extremely specific situations, the first was that the sun’s mass had to be big enough to be able to allow nuclear fusion to occur. The sun is the real star of the show—literally! Are you giving your children credit cards for Christmas? And although the sun accounts for 99.8 percent of the total mass of the solar system, it's really just a big ball of gas. The magnetic field of the sun is incredibly powerful and can create magnetic storms and solar flares that interfere with our satellites and electronic equipment on Earth. Naturally the surface is extremely hot for a start. In 2019 it successfully completed a second close approach to the sun, called the “perihelion,” passing within 15 million miles and traveling at 213,200 mph. They range from giant stars, which are much larger … The sun does have a kind of thin solar atmosphere. Helium. Teachers can also read a smaller portion of the text and focus on having students retell the key details to a friend. As he traveled he would deliver sunshine throughout the world and then repeat his rounds every morning after Eos created the new dawn. These are caused by … It’s called the Photosphere. The exception to this is during solar eclipses, when the moon covers the photosphere and the chromosphere appears as a red rim around the sun, and the corona forms a lovely white crown. You will know from reading up and learning about the solar system that all planets and other things in the solar system revolve around our star. Prominences are basically large bursts of gas that are arch shaped from the surface that is released into space. Click on Kidskonnect. Try rainbow bubbles, and learn about the why we can see so many colors through the bubbles.. Make a solar oven and create some crayon art. HOT!! When we look at the sky we think that our sun is incredibly large, however, when scientists compare our sun to other stars it’s just a bit larger than average. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'planetsforkids_org-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_11',192,'0','0'])); It’s the energy that is created at the core that acts as the engine that powers the sun and makes all of the light and heat that is emitted from the sun. Let’s just say that nobody will ever get near enough to the sun or its core. We can only see the surface of the sun through the use of very specialized equipment. The classification of a star isn’t based on size but instead it relates to the surface temperature. When you look at the sun from Earth it’s Yellow in colour, but in fact when you look more closely through a telescope the colour is more Orangey Red due to its extreme heat. Gravity is what gives celestial bodies their circular shape and with such powerful gravity, our sun is the closest thing in nature to being a perfect sphere. If students do not know basic facts (for example, the sun is a star), teachers can focus the conversation on building the most important concepts. These are darker coloured areas on the sun that appear in different areas at different times when the magnetic field is blocked by the rising heat. This light box looks so interesting. Thankfully, we’ve shed some light on the subject that hopefully piqued your interest. The Sun is all the colours mixed together, this appears white to our eyes. The cells are constantly moving, so while the sun has a surface, it’s very different to the surface of planets.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ouruniverseforkids_com-box-4','ezslot_7',111,'0','0'])); There are also other weird things that happen on the sun. However, it is due to the energy from the sun that life on Earth is possible. 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2020 sun information for students