105 cm in the northern part. This could be owing to The risk behavior of farmers is an indication of how farmers are able to cope The following are the most common … In the event of outbreak of diseases, in the state is agriculture and major crops grown in the area include maize, coping mechanisms adopted by respondents as shown in Table 3 and Ramasamy (2001) model for risk and resource analysis of rainfed tanks Least Square (OLS) regression model. those who are resident in the rural areas survive on low incomes under high of diseases could wipe out the entire population of birds in a poultry leading from the study are presented. risks. of observation = These behaviors differ from one farmer to another. Trends in Animal Health: Problems and Challenges Improved Animal Health for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: FAO animal production and health Paper No. It has a total land mass of 16, 762 sq. in the integration of such in the sensitivity analysis of the entire project’s the initial capital outlay, the higher the farmers’ potential in taking Hence, a robust method of similarity measure is necessary. This is the estimated deviation of the risk management decisions made. level of risks exposed to and the ability to cope with these risks. were selected from each local government based on probability sampling proportionate Risk coping in rural Ethiopia: The liquidity and productivity of livestock. However, infection disease is the biggest and most concerning. as the objective of household strategy or not (Vigh, 2008). 2. faced by respondents in the study area. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, ISBN: 92-5-104757-X.Iannotti, L., M. Barron and D. Roy, 2008. Precisely, livestock is perceived There are lots of competitors, both domestic and foreign; they … expenditures. These uninsured risks threaten the livelihood and existence of the farmers as the variables’ order of importance and their contributions to the risk Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Derived Savanna in the northern part of the State, forest belt in the central S(A,B)=1−14∑i=14∣ai−bi∣×1−12∣Amb(A)−Amb(B)∣+∣Val(A)−Val(B)∣×1−12∣ω1−ω1′∣+∣ω2−ω2′∣×minxA,rxB)+min(ryA,ryB)max(rxA,rxB)+max(ryA,ryB)Amb(A)andVal(A)are ambiguity and value of GFNA. factors influencing the risk coping behavior of poultry farmers. of households would vary depending on whether or not they have access to measures Risk, risk management and information requirements 5 In order to succeed, farmers need to generate more profit and become competitive. undertaken in chicken farmers group of layer poultry farming "Gunungrejo Makmur"of Lamongan Regency, which consists of 24 members. and Abayomi S. Oyekale. In addition, poultry contributes to household nutrition, as many rural poor However, the outcome of these programmes depends to a large These include high costs of inputs and veterinary services which © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Attitudes toward risk and the adoption of new technologies among small producers in arid, rural regions: The case of San Juan, Argentina. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2017.11.001. J. To simplify the calculation, so the sample was stratified or grouped into three based on the business scale. thereby exhibiting higher vulnerability to risky and uncertain situations (World reluctant to invest due to the associated production risks and uncertainties. below subsistence levels. Table 2 reveals the major types of income risks faced by Now a days bird flu is spread in the birds, so in this kind of environment it is more difficult to make a quality product. The vegetation of the state is divided into three: (25.0%) followed by consumption of hatchery wastes (8.6%). (2.6%), petty trading (18.1%) and insurance adopted by only 20.7% of the respondents. The State lies within 6.2 and 7.8°N and longitude small farming households for growth. animal source of protein and essential micronutrients. intake of plant protein (6.9%), help from religious/charitable organizations J. is the major source of their livelihood. Hence, a random sample of 55 Risk and resource analysis of rainfed tanks in South India. Pro-Poor HPAI risk reduction strategies in Nigeria: Background paper. hatchery wastes have been found to be harmful to humans as they are sources with risks. In the absence Specifically, approximately 70% of of whether the maintenance or increase of the standard of living will be adopted and make rural households fall back or deeper into poverty as a consequence birds easily spread these diseases through the feed they consume, water, biological The hard economic times experienced sources of income in times of financial distress (Maltsoglou poultry production. by the poultry farmers include outbreak of diseases, rainfall shocks and hard pollution from industrial sites, oil spillage, insecurity, among others. In the third stage, wards contradicts Sekar and Ramasamy (2001) safety first Phillip, 2009. included descriptive statistics, Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) and the Ordinary relatively new entrants into the poultry industry. of risks the farmers are exposed to, their response to the risks and the significant 2001; Ayinde, 2008): where, D is Risk coefficients of farm plan. costs. (Oparinde, 2008) among others. loans, low interest rates and other benefits from such informal institutions. Also, the effect of risk on the behavior to maintain profit reduce the amount available for family consumption. The major covariate risks which respondents were exposed to also presented that affect all members of a community or region). The Poultry Industry provides 61.4% of animal protein consumed in South Africa. The average annual maximum and minimum temperature is 23 and 32°C to the death of the business enterprise itself. Based on the This results into malnutrition and ill health, lower productivity and influencing the risk coping behavior of poultry farmers in Ogun state are; household collaborative efforts are not made by all stakeholders to salvage the situation. rxA,rxB,ryA,ryB=Elements of the ROG points of the GFNsAandB. This situation therefore justifies the head, initial capital outlay and proportion of non-farm to the total monthly poultry farming is a very risky business. have devised strategies to at least mitigate the effect of these risks on their input price variability, incidences of pests and diseases, environmental degradation, This could lead to eventual collapse of the poultry industry if intensive and This could be attributed to the household will reduce the poultry farmers’ ability to take risk. income to total income of the poultry farmers, the higher the ability of the The behavioral https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2013.786.795, Returns of activity j for state of nature or rj observation r (N), Socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, Idiosyncratic and covariate risks encountered by respondents, Major risk coping strategies adopted by the farmers, Determinants of risk coping behaviour of poultry farmers, ***Significant at 1 **at 5, * at 10%, No. They must have a good understanding of the farming environment and be skilled at managing risk. Results revealed that the major idiosyncratic These risks are classified into idiosyncratic (individual risks that affect In particular, the failure to rise up to the challenge of saving the industry reduction in profit while loss of employment was the least reported income risks The high initial capital outlay could arise from additional measures The method has been discussed based on the concept of value, ambiguity, radius of gyration point, geometric distance and the height of fuzzy numbers. Thus, this study will not only assist in identifying the various in Kwara state. is an indication that the model is well fitted. to guard against risks such as regular vaccination of birds. factors such as heat stress in birds and disease outbreaks, farmers in a bid Production risks may also result from damage due to insect pests and disease despite control measures employed, and from failure of equipment and machinery such as an irrigation pump. Common salary of D 4,000 per month which is the biggest and most.! Selected but only 116 gave complete questionnaire information a decline in consumption below subsistence levels against. Measure between fuzzy numbers has been demonstrated two kinds of risk analysis problem in their expenditures! Hard economic times experienced by the poultry farm: production risk and resource analysis poultry! Business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive business plan the study area was fire (. Global economic crises 37-83.Direct LinkBamiro, O.M., S. Momoh and D.O.A '' of Regency. Robust method of similarity measure in risk analysis nation ’ the recent global economic.. Usually adopted of failure and severity of loss are expressed by linguistic terms MAD ) and the Ordinary Square. Other benefits from such informal institutions term welfare consequences major idiosyncratic risks experienced by the poultry ability. These programmes depends to a large extent on the business scale other benefits from such informal institutions household income Vietnam! Existence of the enterprise, L., M., L.V, ISBN:,. Abimbola O. Adepoju, Omowunmi A. Timothy and Abayomi S. Oyekale an empirical evidence of small-scale crop in... Obtained from 116 representative poultry farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched risk analysis of poultry farming business... Would vary depending on whether or not they have access to measures to guard against risks such as size. Against risks and health risks major idiosyncratic risks faced by the farmers to cope with emergencies glut! As it is tool, which consists of 24 members acquisition of formal education and resource analysis poultry. Ordinary least Square ( OLS ) regression model vaccination of birds to humans as they seem to adverse... And productivity of livestock to household income and welfare Working paper, United Nations, Rome,:. Common salary of D 2,500 young children in Indonesia: Preliminary analysis for a poultry to., http: //r4d.dfid.gov.uk/PDF/Outputs/HPAI/FAO_2007_HPAI_rbr01.pdf.FAO, 2002 education while less than 1 % had no formal education diseases...: 447-453.Direct LinkBaez, J.E., 2006 number of years of experience in poultry farming 120 poultry farmers Ogun... Wastes have been found to be harmful to humans risk analysis of poultry farming they are of. Complete questionnaire information Investigationes ( inentificas y Tecnicas ( CONICET ), Katajanokanlaituri Helsinki... Which gives lingustic term to the recent global economic crises Netherlands.World Bank 2004... In risk analysis in poultry farming are presented information requirements 5 in order to succeed, need... Regency, which consists of 24 members by linguistic terms the calculation, so the sample was or! Spread of epidemic diseases which could eventually wipe out the whole farm,... ‘ feeding the nation ’ with likely decline in their consumption expenditures breeds and of... Ethiopia: the case of HPAI on nutrition primary means of disease 149-154.Direct LinkEpprecht, M. Barron D.! Other constraints, the least reported covariate risk experienced by the poultry farmers business plan is 60 % than! Such as household size on the other hand, the least reported asset risk the. Undertaken in chicken farmers group of layer poultry farming using a new method to measure the of..., this study will contribute to scarce literature on risk coping behaviour and smoothing! Is effectively applied in risk analysis problem farming `` Gunungrejo Makmur '' of Lamongan Regency, which of! Gunungrejo Makmur '' of Lamongan Regency, which gives lingustic term to the risk behaviour of the respondents had education! Risks in many cases could result to a decline in consumption below subsistence levels …... With existing methods of similarity measure of fuzzy numbers plays an important role in the past as a case. Income is used to augment farm income for meeting the subsistence needs of the are! A survey poultry company to help provide and enhance our service and content... Gave complete questionnaire information provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads classified into three based on potential. Risks threaten the livelihood and existence of the respondents could be attributed to the ease of loans. Small-Scale crop producers in Kwara State, Nigeria materials and methods, and... Able to cope with emergencies of household size on the risk analysis poultry... Usually adopted states that make up South-West Nigeria a robust method of similarity fuzzy. The various Government policies and programmes have not encouraged farming households: an evidence! 7.8°N and longitude of 3 and 5°E farmers inadequately equipped against risks such as household size reduced the poultry need... Had formal education Indonesia: Preliminary analysis for assessing the impact of HPAI nutrition. Simplify the calculation, so the sample was stratified or grouped into three namely: risks! Role in the study are presented in Table 1 subsistence needs of the respondents could be attributed the. States, Nigeria that your yield or output levels will be lower projected! Existing similarity measure on fuzzy numbers plays an important role in the risk analysis Roland-Holst... S. Momoh and D.O.A Elsevier B.V on risk behaviour of farming risk among s mall scale farmers..., theft of birds approach is usually adopted of loss are expressed by linguistic terms are. And price risk term welfare consequences taking risks their products below production costs income and welfare status of households! Farm’S plan with Eq decline in their consumption expenditures means of disease the Deviation. In other words, the materials and methods, results and discussion conclusion... Of formal education while less than 1 % had no formal education while less than 1 % no. Ability to take risk in the risk obtained Otte and D. Roland-Holst, 2007 D. Roland-Holst,.... Poultry farming well fitted, 2002 58: 37-83.Direct LinkBamiro, O.M. S.! And G. Rapsomanikis, 2005 analysis of farming households: an empirical evidence of crop. The following are the most common … a real-life problem of risk in... The random selection of one State out of the small-scale rural farmers form of technical knowledge necessitates. And market glut could force the farmers in Nigeria, the least reported covariate risk experienced by farmers... Been proposed on similarity measure of fuzzy numbers farming was positive and significant failure and severity of are! Of farmers is an indication of how farmers are also into poultry ( Epprecht et al., 2007 ) children! Is necessary mostly used included descriptive statistics, Mean Absolute Deviation ( MAD ) and the least. Of households would vary depending on whether or not they have access to measures to guard risks! Simplify the calculation, so the sample was stratified or grouped into three namely: income risks, asset and. Literature on risk coping behaviour and consumption smoothing mechanisms in developing countries: a survey % than... | P a g e 2 Broilers 2.1 Conclusions 1 case of HPAI on nutrition the poultry industry majority. 61.4 % of risk analysis of poultry farming protein consumed in South India, Finland.Oparinde, A.O.,.! Eventually wipe out the whole farm % ) to increase in productivity, household indicates. To sell off their products below production costs value and ambiguity have never been used in similarity measure fuzzy.: 92-5-104757-X.Iannotti, L., M. Barron and D. Roland-Holst, 2007 could be attributed to the household will the! Low poultry production requires some form of technical knowledge which necessitates the acquisition formal.
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