The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. Surprisingly, the edible part of an artichoke, the heart or choke, consists of the buds of the flower before it blooms. Artichokes are available in many forms. Before eating an artichoke, remove the purple part using a knife, since under the purple leaves is the fuzzy, grayish-brown choke that is edible. Jerusalem artichokes are completely unrelated to the former and not truly an artichoke. These are a healthy addition to your diet but have a higher sodium content than fresh artichokes, as do canned hearts. Purple (‘opera’) artichokes from Coke Farm, at the farmers’ market in Menlo Park, CA—mixed in with a green globe-type variety. After blooming, the artichoke becomes a single, purple blossom, but most are harvested for food before they get to that point. Fascinating facts: globe artichokes. The most popular is canned artichoke hearts, in oil or marinade. As beautiful as they are delicious, globe artichokes make a long-lived and dramatic addition to the vegetable garden. Are jarred artichoke hearts healthy? No need to register, buy now! Globe artichokes are considered to be the ‘true’ artichokes, which are available all year round, but at their best between June and November. Find the perfect purple artichokes stock photo. Globe artichokes are cultivars of the cardoon and a type of perennial thistle as evidenced by their purple-colored flower heads with thorny bracts or leaves at the base. The whole artichoke with leaves is called a globe. How to Grow. The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Also related to the family of dandelions, daisies, and sunflowers, the blossoms look similar to other plants in the thistle family, like the popular milk thistle variety. 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