The ability to detect and measure almost any gas (including NOx, NH3 and N2O), combined with the robustness and reliability of the technology, makes Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy ideal for the continuous measurement of these emissions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 10 Nitric acid plants 11 uhde® azeotropic nitric acid process While 60% nitric acid is usually required for fertilizer manufacture, the non-fertilizer industry demands higher concentrations. “Influence of Operating Pressure on Nitric Acid Production Costs,” Paper prepared for the Conference on the Development of the Fertilizer Industry in Asia and the Far East, United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, November 18-December 2. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Here are the top 5 reasons why you should choose us as your partner: After reading the handbook, you will be familiar with: Increase your Emissions Monitoring knowledge by downloading the handbook free of charge! The caustic, colorless liquid is typically produced on an industrial scale using highly specialized chemical processes and equipment. Compliance Measurements Read about our solutions to the chemical industry! Aluminum Production. Quality assurance is closely connected to the EU Standards EN 14181 and EN 15267 (QAL1), and in this article we will look into the details of QAL3, which can now be done a lot easier, thanks to our new continuous mercury monitoring system CMM AutoQAL with an EN 15267 certified, integrated and automatic QAL3 Validation Tool. This is the main reason why nitric acid is produced in such large quantities. All the gases in the sample can be measured simultaneously because the entire infrared spectrum is scanned at once. 1.2. Mukherjee, S. K., K. T. Bhandani, and Y. R. Joharpunkar. The process converts ammonia to nitric acid in two steps. Among the special features which make this possible are: Our Calcmet software then calculates the concentrations of each gas in the sample based on the characteristic absorption. Ammonia on the other hand is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen. Nitric Acid in Fertilizers. During the second step, the nitrogen dioxide that was formed is absorbed in water. Read about our solutions to the chemical industry! It is toxic and can cause severe burns. Nitric acid is a type of potent mineral acid used to make things like fertilizers, dyes, and high explosives. When used as a fertilizer, nitric acid promotes rapid growth in plants. By far the most important use of ammonia within the chemical industry is to produce nitric acid (HNO. This, in turn, forms nitric acid. The good news is that growing global demand for fertilizers with nitrogen as an active ingredient is expected to boost the demand for nitric acid. It is toxic and can cause severe burns. Nitric acid (HNO 3) is a colorless, liquid acid widely used in the manufacturing of explosives and fertilizers.When dissolved in water, molecules of nitric acid separate (or dissociate) into hydrogen ions (H +) and nitrate ions (NO 3).The fact that nearly every nitric acid molecule dissociates is what makes nitric acid a strong acid. This is the main reason why nitric acid is produced in such large quantities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Among the many important reactions of nitric acid are: neutralization with ammonia to form ammonium nitrate, a major component of fertilizers; nitration of glycerol and toluene, forming the explosives nitroglycerin and trinitrotoluene (TNT), respectively; preparation of nitrocellulose; and oxidation of metals to the corresponding oxides or nitrates. This is the main reason why nitric acid is produced in such large quantities. It can be unhealthy to the environment if it is deposited into water sources, as it promotes the growth of algae that can deoxygenize water and harm aquatic life. form inorganic fertilizers (! Read on to find out what else the CMM AutoQAL is all about. An example of a process that can be developed is the process of NOx reduction, or DeNOx. Dense and Porous Ammonium Nitrate. Ammonium Nitrate Solution. Nitric acid is manufactured from ammonia and is a key chemical in the manufacture of fertilizers. Nitric acid is manufactured from ammonia and is a key chemical in the manufacture of fertilizers. Uses in Daily Life. Nitric acid decomposes into water, nitrogen dioxide, and oxygen, forming a brownish yellow solution. As you can see, I have that blue stuff as well. As the name might suggest, this robust Continuous Mercury Monitoring system comes with a test gas generator including automatic EN 15267 certified QAL3 validation tool. Gasmet is an ideal partner for the chemical industry. 1963. The resulting acid-in-water solution (about 50–70 percent by weight acid) can be dehydrated by distillation with sulfuric acid. Azeotopic Nitric Acid (68% Conc.). As a producer of nitric acid for fertilizers, chemicals or other products, there’s both good news and bad news. 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