It can tolerate both acidic and alkaline soil. Hackberry bark is grey to brownish grey with the trunk bark forming vertical corky ridges that are checkered between the furrows. Some experts consider netleaf hackberry to be a variant of Celtis laevigata, also known as the sugarberry. It is an extremely hardy species that will tolerate harsh growing conditions, including drought and even fire. However, netleaf hackberry is regarded by most taxonomists as the discrete species we know as Celtis reticulata. Placing rocks around newly planted young seedlings will improve viability until it matures. Many birds also depend on the fruit as a source of food. [9], Celtis reticulata usually grows to a small-sized tree, twenty to thirty feet (6 to 10 m) in height and mature at six to ten inches (15 to 25 cm) in diameter, although some individuals are known up to 70 feet high. Emperor butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves. [7], In modern times, the easternmost natural range of Celtis reticulata is in the hills of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Louisiana. The tree was first described in the mid nineteenth century by observations in the lower elevations of the Rocky Mountains as well as observations in lower montane areas of Oregon. Netleaf Hackberries are very similar to the southeast US's Sugarberry trees. It is also found in the Madrean Sky Islands of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northern Sonora, and in the White Mountains and along the Mogollon Rim in Arizona. In fact, earlier Netleaf Hackberries were regarded as mere varieties of the Sugarberry, and sometimes it can be hard to distinguish the two species. [16], Benson, Lyman D. and Darrow, Robert A. However, they are separate species. Some nurseries cultivate it as an ornamental tree or shrub. Bullock's oriole, doves, quail, the scissor-tailed flycatcher, Swainson's hawk, and the white-tailed raven are only some of the birds that depend on the netleaf hackberry as a nesting site. If a more pleasing shape is desired, pruning the crown can be performed to achieve a better form. Benson – netleaf hackberry Subordinate Taxa. Celtis reticulata, or Netleaf Hackberry, is a medium-sized tree native to North America. The common name of sugarberry is also used to refer to a similar species, Celtis laevigata, while the common name of Douglas hackberry also refers to Celtis douglasii. A small to medium-sized tree, netleaf hackberry is slow growing; typically reaching 20 to 30 feet in height and width. [8] It can also be found in Southern California in the southwestern Sierra Nevada foothills, the Peninsular Ranges and eastern Transverse Ranges, and the Mojave Desert sky islands. The Navajo used the berries as a digestive aid. The small stalks attaching the leaf blade to the stem (the petioles) are generally about 5 to 6 mm long. It is often scraggly, stunted or even a large bush. It is a good choice for a natural landscape or habitat garden but also does well in areas with heavy foot traffic. He combined that with the Latin word reticulata, which means reticulated, a reference to the network of leaf veins. Common in the desert southwest from northern Mexico to Utah, hackberries in Washington prefer semi-desert canyon country along the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Height: 25 - 35 feet. reticulata (Torr.) Native populations are found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. It will grow in a range of soil types including gravel, rocky soil, limestone soils, sandy soil, or loamy soil. Once established, watering should be deep and infrequent. Rounded or Spreading Shape. They are lanceolate to ovate, unequal at the base, leathery, entire to serrate (tending toward serrate), clearly net-veined, base obtuse to more or less cordate, tip obtuse to acuminate, and scabrous, with a dark green upper surface and a yellowish-green lower surface. Occasionally netleaf hackberry will fall prey to aphid attacks as well as swollen leaf galls. Celtis reticulata (Netleaf Hackberry) Tree. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry, western hackberry, Douglas hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche, is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. var. In some areas, it is used to make barrels, boxes, cabinets, crates, furniture, and paneling. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. However, some potential owners pass them up because as young trees they often have a scraggly appearance. Has Deciduous foliage. That makes it hard for them to compete with other more attractive trees. Netleaf hackberry berries are enjoyed by a wide range of wildlife. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Early homesteaders used the wood of this tree to build rough furniture, even though it is not an easy wood to tool. Conversely, some specimens remain smaller than average, and present as a large shrub. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. … Celtis reticulata is a member of the genus Celtis, the members of which collectively are known as the nettle trees or hackberries. Little maintenance is necessary. As a result, Celtis reticulata is often confused with several other species within the genus Celtis, most notably Celtis laevigata, Celtis occidentalis, and Celtis pallida. Among the birds that feed on the berries of this species are the American robin, American crow, band-tailed pigeon, Bohemian waxwing, cedar waxwing, northern flicker, rufous-sided towhee, scrub jay, Steller's jay, and Townsend's solitaire. However, some specimens have been known to grow to as much as 70 feet tall. The young twigs are covered with very fine hairs (puberulent). Also known as the Netleaf Hackberry, Sugarberry or Paloblanco, the Western Hackberry is a large shade tree that's well suited for urban areas. This plant has no children Legal Status. Genus: ... Broadleaf deciduous, usually a large shrub, 15-30 feet (4.5-9 m), but may be a tree to a height of 50 ft (15 m), slow growing, often a spreading habit, somewhat scraggly. The botanical name for netleaf hackberry is Celtis reticulata. They also used the bark for medicinal purposes and created a dye from the leaves. The trunk grows to approximately a foot in diameter and is often short and crooked. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry, western hackberry, Douglas hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche, is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. (1981) "Celtis: Hackberry, Palo Blanco", http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CELAR&mapType=large&photoID=celar_001_ahp.tif, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7729,7730,7731, "Index of Species Information: Celtis reticulata", http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Rhus+microphylla, http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=CELAR, Lady Bird Johnson database & gallery: Celtis reticulata, Univ. Netleaf hackberry makes for a good shade tree that has the added benefit of providing food for birds. [8], Its central range includes the Rio Grande watershed and the Chihuahuan Desert in southern Arizona and New Mexico, western Texas, and northern Sonora-Chihuahua-Coahuila. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. It can be cooked and made into a jelly or used as a seasoning for savory food. Netleaf Hackberry: Latin Name: Celtis reticulata: Tree Size: Medium: Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate: Water Needs: Dry : Tolerances: Drought, alkaline soils (pH > 7.5) Attributes: Texas native, seeds or fruit eaten by wildlife: Features: Fruits are an important wildlife food. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. [15], Celtis reticulata is cultivated by plant nurseries and available as an ornamental plant for native plant, drought-tolerant, natural landscape, and habitat gardens, and for ecological restoration projects. Westerm Hackberry. The infestation causes a busy overgrowth in a single point, resembling a bird’s nest or broom. Others believe it to be synonymous with Celtis douglasii, known commonly as the Douglas hackberry. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. This tree is also well suited to urban conditions and can be used in yards and patios as well as along street and boulevards. Also known as the Netleaf Hackberry, Sugarberry or Paloblanco, the Western Hackberry is a large shade tree that's well suited for urban areas. Those living in western North America probably have seen a netleaf hackberry, even if they didn’t know what sort of tree it was. Tree Characteristics. A mature tree observed on a wooded terrace adjacent to Mesquite Wash, Maricopa Co., Arizona.The smaller, duller green tree in front at left is a Velvet Mesquite, a frequent associate of Netleaf Hackberry in the Sonoran Desert. Although this species is drought tolerant and prefers well-drained soils, it should have a regular supply of water. 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