If the flowers on all sides are not pollinated, the fruit does not develop normally. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. When fully ripe, the fruits yield to the thrust of a finger easily. per tree in the amount of 4:2:4:1 and is applied before and at the end of the wet season. In this article we will learn about jackfruit plantation. Make sure you want to take care of it for a long time. The problem is found only in Tarai and Bhabar regions of Uttar Pradesh. The square system of planting is commonly practiced for planting but hexagonal system may be followed in less fertile soils. However, lack of pollination may lead to the drop of female spike. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. It is generally propagated by seeds and this leads to immense variation and prolonged juvenility. Jackfruit seeds are viable for about a month after harvesting. It latex can be used as paste or glue. The frequency of irrigation will depend on the soil moisture condition. Thanks for dropping by! Propagating and Planting Jackfruit: Jackfruit is usually produced by seeds. Tender fruits appear in the market in spring and continue till late summer as popular vegetable. Prolonged dry weather after planting may lead to the death of plants. By starting your seeds in a pot and transplanting them outdoors, after a few years you’ll have a tree bearing many fruit! Warm humid plains are suitable for jack fruit cultivation and it flourishes in humid hill slopes up to an elevation of 1,500 meters. High density planting can be practiced in lighter and poorer soils. The fruits become ready for harvest in June or early July. It is commonly grown in Burma and Malaysia and to a certain extent in Brazil. Quality of fruit deteriorates in higher altitudes but grows satisfactorily in arid and warm plains of South India. Avoid using seedlings that are spindly or have grown near the edge of the pot. The seeds should be soaked 24 hours in water and thereafter treated either with 25-50 ppm solution of NAA or 500 ppm gibberellic acid which results in improved germination and enhanced seedling growth. % of people told us that this article helped them. The length and diameter of female spikes are much more than those of the males. Past the two year mark, growing jackfruit trees should get 35.5 ounces (1 kg.) But nursing and raising of a large number of plants in this way is difficult. The other method is by asexual propagation. Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow, http://balconygardenweb.com/how-to-grow-jackfruit-complete-growing-guide/, https://plantinstructions.com/tropical-fruit/how-to-grow-jackfruit/, https://garden.org/courseweb/vegetables/CLASS3/c3p9.html, http://rfcarchives.org.au/Next/Fruits/Jakfruit/JackfruitCultiv2-84.htm, https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/jackfruit_ars.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Wash all your fruit thoroughly after spraying pesticides. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours. The tree is sensitive to drought, therefore, irrigation during dry periods is considered essential in arid regions for normal plant growth. The latex from the bark contains resin. References. Frequent weeding and mulching are necessary to achieve normal plant growth. The young Jackfruit tree has to be transplanted once it has four leaves on it. By using our site, you agree to our. The taste varies from very sweet, sweet acidic to insipid. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. The rind does not yield to the thrust of finger easily. Weeds will take essential nutrients from the soil if they are left in the ground. For production by seeds one should select healthy, vigorous, and disease-resistant seeds from productive mother trees. Since common vegetables are scarce and costly at that time of the year, jackfruit enjoys a high demand and premier price. Can I submerge the roots of jackfruit seedlings in water? Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? The pulp is firm and crispy. Find an area away from high winds so your tree can develop safely. Germinating Seeds in Pots 1. Surface of a young male spike is smooth, while in the case of a female flower it is granular. Soil drainage is of great importance to jack fruit as is evidenced by the sudden decline of numerous trees in the areas suffering from a sudden rise of water level. Extract from the rind can be used for jelly making. Sometimes it is used to plug holes in earthern vats and baskets. Hand watering of young plants during one or two summers is necessary for assured survival and good growth of plants. It does not need any packing or wrapping before sending to markets. Purchase a natural pesticide from your local garden store or. The size is small and the shape may be irregular in less pollinated fruits. Even though jackfruit grows in humid, tropical regions with a lot of rainfall, too much water can cause the seeds and roots to rot. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Hi! The seeds can be used as food, for human consumption, feeds or planting materials while the roots can be used as handle for farm implements. The size of fruit is like common jack fruit. Heavier seeds should be used for sowing purposes. Proper Jackfruit plantation requires rich and well drained sandy loam soil. The rind is smooth, less spiny than the common jackfruit and the perianth is fleshy but the quality is inferior. After your tree is 2 years old, use 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of a fertilizer with a 4:2:4:1 ratio. Try to use untreated or distilled water when starting off your seedlings. The skin of the fruit and leaves are excellent cattle feed. Originally, jackfruit is a native of India and presently cultivated throughout the tropical low land in both the hemispheres. In other parts of the country, it is rarely grown in plantations but preferred very much in homesteads or as a shade tree or as a mixed crop. By Great Value Maha Bachat Retails Private Limited. Because of its good storage life, it can be transported to distant places for marketing. The composition of edible portion is given as below: Proper Jackfruit plantation requires rich and well drained sandy loam soil. Therefore, during this period the interspaces of the orchard should be properly utilized. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. To control this disease, spray of Bordeaux mixture (0.4 %) in the month of January, February and March at an interval of 21 days should be done. Different methods of grafting have not given encouraging results or success. Its fruits are used both for culinary purposes and as table fruit but it is mainly used for culinary purposes. 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