By continuing to browse the website, you agree to our use of cookies. After that, young people can either start some form of vocational training or continue schooling. Classes normally start between 7:30 and 8:15 a.m. and can end between 12 noon and 1:30 p.m. Class periods are normally 45 minutes long with a short break in between. Gesamtschule: Combines the Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium and offers an alternative to the tripartite school system. This website uses cookies. Here. Children first attend primary school for four years. This means that the school system will to some extent depend on the region where you and your family are living. This is decided by the school management in consultation with the local education authority. The additional hours can be used for doing homework or participating in various extracurricular activities. Most German schools are run by the state and there is no charge for your children to attend. Everything you need to know about learning German online or studying for a degree in Germany online: https://www.deutschland.de/en/online-learning-in-germany. Weiterführende Schulen (secondary schools) - the most common types are: Hauptschule and Realschule: Young people who have successfully completed the Hauptschule or Realschule are eligible for vocational training, or can transfer to the sixth form / senior high at a Gymnasium or Gesamtschule. Kita (short for Kindertagesstätte (children’s daycare center) – For ages 3-6, open from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. or later. The goal is to integrate them as soon as possible into regular school classes. The Gymnasium ends after the 12th or 13th grade with the Abitur certificate, the entitlement to study at a university. Here, school attendance is compulsory, and this is justified by the state’s duty to educate. Subscribe here to: This is how the German school system works. Unlike in other countries with compulsory education, parents in Germany are not allowed to teach their children at home. Publicly run schools with their high level of education are free-of-charge in Germany and financed by taxes. So it is a good idea to take a look at a few schools. Once children have started school at the age of six, they remain in Grundschule until they are ten. Children do not always have the same curriculum in every state, and textbooks may differ as well. Planning your arrival and course of study, Schools offering the DSD language diploma, Off to Germany with a school-leaving certificate, Off to Germany with the DSD language diploma, Visa for the recognition of foreign qualifications, Visa for the purpose of language acquisition, Information on the Skilled Immigration Act, Special regulations on entry and residence, Welcome services for qualified professionals and their families, Spouses joining citizens of non-EU countries, Bringing your children to join you in Germany, https://www.make-it-in-germany.com/en/living-in-germany/family-reunification/school-system, Hauptschule (secondary general school for grades five through nine or ten), Realschule (more practical secondary school for grades five through ten), Gymnasium (more academic secondary school for grades five through twelve/thirteen), Gesamtschule (comprehensive school for grades five through twelve/thirteen). The Hauptschule ends after the 9th school grade with the Hauptschulabschluss certificate, the Realschule after the 10th grade with the Realschulabschluss certificate. Association of German International Schools, Federation of international schools in Germany, Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Federal States (KMK), Search for private schools and boarding schools. If your children are of school age when they enter Germany you will no doubt be wondering how they can be found a place in a school. Publicly run schools with their high level of education are free-of-charge in Germany and financed by taxes. Are there any international schools? Gesamtschule – a comprehensive school combining all education types. At the end of primary school, you and your child's teachers will decide, depending on your child's performance, which secondary school your child will attend. One sign of a good school is that it not only provides high-quality instruction, but also offers extracurricular activities such as theatre, sports, language and music clubs, and school trips. In addition, of course, there are private and international schools, which charge fees. Individual states also have different types of schools. We will answer as soon as we can. Basically, however, the German school system is structured as follows: Grundschule (primary school): Normally, six-year-olds begin their school careers at primary school, which covers the first four grades. Why is school compulsory? You can get personal advice in German and English over our hotline. This is illustrated by a special evaluation of the PISA study from the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment, which was published in 2018. If your children are not yet fluent in German, make sure that the school offers German classes, usually referred to as "German as a foreign language". Once your children are six years old, they are required to go to school, since school attendance is compulsory in Germany. However, educational success in Germany is highly dependent on social background. We explain the peculiarities of the German school system. The individual states are responsible for education policy. The secondary school system is divided into: The Hauptschule ends after the 9th school grade with the Hauptschulabschluss certificate, the Realschule after the 10th grade with the Realschulabschluss certificate. The Gymnasium ends after the 12th or 13th grade with the Abitur certificate, the entitlement to, Schools in Germany are not centrally organized, but are the responsibility of the regional ministries of education and culture in the 16, Offsetting carbon emissions ID: ZRI-BSC-471559, https://www.deutschland.de/en/online-learning-in-germany, Making pupils enthusiastic about their lessons, Controversial issues at schools in Germany. 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