Just as in English, German possessive pronouns are … used to indicate possession of non-people the very last or very first (<– more common than in English) word in a sentence very nearly identical to German possessive determiners Possessive pronouns are nearly identical to possessive determiners (they both have the same ‘roots’), but sometimes take different declensions. theirs? But in German, we have 6 ‘root’ (or ‘base’) possessive pronouns that then take little changes (i.e. Maybe you don’t need to talk about cats. Instead, I suggest that you learn the formula for how to work with German possessive pronouns. German Accusative Pronouns: Your Essential Guide. Dependent possessive pronouns come before nouns, which is why they are also called possessive articles. With Lingolia Plus you can access 9 additional exercises about Possessive Pronouns, as well as 845 online exercises to improve your German. Step 2: Find the corresponding place in the All-In-One Declensions Chart (coming up!) Yours? He over hears them a lot and soon figures out that one is saying 'it's mine' and the other is disagreeing and saying 'it's his'. Good job. To pick the right possessive pronoun AND put the right declensions on, you have to know 3 things: to whom does the item belong? As you may know, pronouns (in general) are simple, sweet, widely-used words that replace nouns / noun phrases, no matter how short or long! But not The grandma / the baby / the husband … is mine. No, really. Note: the ‘e’ filler/glue for the neuter nominative & accusative is also optional: e.g. Then put your knowledge to the test in the exercises. You can use a chart like the one above that has everything spelled out for you. Let’s see if you can 1) find the correct spot on the chart and 2) correctly combine the possessive pronoun root with the declension it needs. When to use a German possessive pronoun is very easy: you use them exactly in those same instances that you’d use a possessive pronoun in English. -m, -r, -s, -e, -n) that reflect the gender & case of the noun you’re replacing with the possessive pronoun. Each case is then split into genders: masculine (m), neuter (n), and feminine (f), and plural (pl). The three things you need to know are these: When you have the answers to these questions, then it’s just a 2-step process to having the correct declension to put on the possessive pronoun: Step 1: Pick out the corresponding ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun that lines up with whoever owns the noun in question — is the pencil mine? In the following table you … both meines AND meins are acceptable. And that’s handy! ANSWER: Ich habe meinen Kuchen aufgegessen. In other words. my) at the start of it: Example:that crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail is my crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail MINE! Now, all that is left is to combine your ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun with the declension. An ‘r’. Pronoun: sein- (his)Noun: der Bleistift (pencil, masculine)Case: nominative (subject). Again, the benefit of learning declensions this way — where you need to know the formulas & patterns for using it — is that then you are not dependent on being spoon-fed German. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). The pencil / car / soda / cat / jacket … is mine. Yikes. The dog likes Frank. Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. The all-in-one chart I’m going to share with you is a declensions chart that replaces a whopping 10 conventional charts!!! used to indicate possession of non-people, the very last or very first (<– more common than in English) word in a sentence, very nearly identical to German possessive. In English we have just 6 possessive pronouns and done! [Note: sometimes m / n are combined; sometimes f / pl are combined]. There are dependent and independent possessive pronouns in German grammar, both types must agree with their noun in case, gender and number. The nominative personal pronouns ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, sie(English equivalents: I, you, he, she, it, we, y’all, they) are listed across the top. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. etc. yours? seiner is then the result. NOTE: Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession of non-people! . Unlike p… But it might become a crutch that holds you back from fluently speaking German. Possessive pronouns ALWAYS take the strong declensions (for whatever gender they have & case they are in). He soon realizes he's not sure how to do this in German so he takes a lesson on possessive pronouns. applies to many other aspects of German grammar as well. But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. Yes. It’d be pretty hard to pronounce meinr, meinn, or meinm, don’t you think? General rule of thumb: if you have words in English you use frequently, you probably want to learn them in German . © 2020 German with Laura  |  All Rights Reserved  |  Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 |  (603) 303-8842  |  hallo@germanwithlaura.com. The possessive pronounsare the words we use to show possession. Frank has a dog. // Yours is the red one. If so, that’s SPLENDID. (If not, it’s OK. You can still start here. Maybe you’ve even learned how to say that’s my cat (<– nice job, btw!). But I bet that you still use the possessive pronouns mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs often enough! So, let’s put another feather in your cap — it’s time to learn possessive pronouns! It’s the how to use a German possessive pronoun that is harder. If you try to do that with mein- (mine), you would get meinr, meine, meins, meinn, meinm dependent on where on the chart you are. Always add an ‘e’ if there’s not one there already: meinEr, but not meinEe. Your German will sound more authentic if you don’t repeat all those nouns, but use pronouns instead (e.g. There are 5 possible declensions (-m, -n, -r, -e, -s), so there are 5 ways to say each possessive pronoun, e.g. So, if you know the gender of your noun AND the case it’s in AND which person is being referred (i.e. So, here is your ONE set of 6 total possessive pronouns to learn: mein- (mine)dein- (yours [informal])sein- (his / its)ihr-  (hers / theirs / Yours [formal, singular & plural])unser- (ours)euer- / eur- (y’alls [you, informal, plural]). What we need to do in these instances is add a little glue in the form of an ‘e’: meiner, meinen, meinem. The chart below provides an overview of the singular and plural forms of independent possessove pronouns in the nominative, accusative and dative cases. Maybe you’ve already learned the personal pronouns in the nominative, accusative, and dative. Learn about dependent and independent possessive pronouns online with Lingolia. An ‘n’. declensions) on their tailends. Usually, a possessive pronoun is the very last (or, less often, the very first) word in a sentence: The red one is yours. There are dependent and independent possessive pronouns in German grammar, both types have to be declined. Example:that crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail (noun phrase)→ it (pronoun). If you want to express possession (<-- loosely defined) of people, you need to use a possessive determiner: my, your, his, her, our, and their. As you can see, the use of the accusative of possessive pronouns is pretty straightforward and the follow the rules most of the times. But how do you say ‘that cat is mine’ when you’re in a situation that urgently calls for distinguishing between cats and/or between their pets … er, owners? ), then you can find the corresponding part on the chart that gives you exactly the possessive pronoun you’re looking for — the declensions are already added on for you. Picking out the correct possessive pronoun (with the correct declension on it) is a 2-step process that involves knowing 3 things. Pronoun: dein– (your)Noun: der Kuchen (cake, masculine)Case: accusative (direct object). Well, the following chart gives you an overview about the singular and plural forms of dependent possessive pronouns in the nominative, accusative, dative and genitive cases. We've included them mainly because they give you th… These added ‘e’s don’t mean anything — they are just filler — but they almost always need to be added between a root/base possessive pronoun & the desired declension. We use independent possessive pronouns only after certain expressions requiring genitive (see Declension/Genitive). Whatever you need to decline in German, this chart helps you do it. of the pencil). Some possessive pronouns have multiple uses — e.g. You’ll have less to memorize, and you also see the beautiful rhyme & reason behind many German grammar structures. Frank likes his dog. . We need that filler ‘e’! Possessive pronouns are used (when the context is clear) to replace nouns / noun phrases that have a possessive determiner at the start of them: My pencil is red → Mine is red. To say that ’ s a chart for that ) are grayed out because they give th…... Cat with german accusative possessive pronouns legs and a stumpy tail ( noun phrase ) → (... The genitive forms ( last row ) are grayed out because they 're never! / ‘ base ’ possessive pronoun that is harder pronouns also apply to German possessive pronouns, the dependent pronouns. 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