back. Historic records of eruptions at Galeras date back to the 16th century, and the active cone is part of a volcanic complex that has been erupting for more than one million years. [citation needed]. LATITUDE: 36,867 ° S LONGITUDE: 71.377 ° W DEPTH: 0.2 km REDUCED DISPLACEMENT: 700 cm2 ACOUSTIC SIGNAL: 0.2 Pa reduced. X back. Weekly activity bulletin of the Galeras volcano. [13] This was the 10th such eruption of the volcano in the preceding 12 months, and the first of 2010. [1] Two major caldera-forming eruptions have occurred, the first about 560,000 years ago in an eruption which expelled about 15 cubic kilometres (3.6 cu mi) of material. With this tool, you can randomly get one or more volcanoes from the most popular 431 volcano in the world, you can see the name, country, location, type and height of each volcano listed below. Galeras erupted again on August 25, 2010 with an ash plume visible in the air. That was made tragically plain in 1993 at Galeras volcano in Colombia ( Science , 16 April 1993, p. 289). Historic records of eruptions at Galeras date back to the 16th century, and the active cone is part of a volcanic complex that has been erupting for more than one million years. The color scale indicates the perturbation of the [15] Figure 2 shows that the region of ±10 km in scattering coefficient a-1 for the (a and b) 4 – 8 Hz and horizontal and 10 km in depth centred at the Galeras (c and d) 8 – 12 Hz frequency bands. Laguna de la Cocha. I back. Show Coordinates on Map. Longitude: -75.0525. Many youthful lava flows extend from the glacier-capped Cumbal volcano, the southernmost historically active volcano of Colombia. The mountain is one of the world’s phonolite volcanoes (due to the large amounts of phonolites contained in its lava) and is the earth’s only active phonolite volcano. The city of Pasto, about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the volcano, was blanketed by a layer of ash after the volcanic explosion, forcing the residents to don goggles and face masks. Colombian authorities also stated that it could remain volatile in the weeks to come. [10] Some 8,000 residents were evacuated, and there were no immediate reports of injuries or serious property damage. The city is located in the "Atriz Valley", on the Andes cordillera, at the foot of the Galeras volcano, at an altitude of 8,290 feet (2,527 m) above sea level. Image of the Day Y YEMEN Yemen, political map. 123; Garibaldi Lake [lat 49.92 long 123.03] shaded relief map of very southern British Columbia; Locate volcanoes by latitude and longitude: back. Typical seismogram of a local earthquake occurred in the Galeras volcano and analyzed in this work. The active crater is located about 6 km west of Pasto, a city of about 300,000 inhabitants. The current time and date in Galeras is 7:39 AM on Friday, September 11, 2020. Volcano Number Last Known Eruption Elevation Latitude Longitude: 351070 1906 CE 4137 m / 13573 ft 1.5°N 76.936°W Volcano Types: Stratovolcano Caldera(s) Lava dome : Rock Types: Major Andesite / Basaltic Andesite Dacite: Tectonic Setting Galeras, a stratovolcano in the southwestern part of Colombia, is one of the South American country's most active volcanoes. The volcano is elongated in a NE-SW direction and is composed primarily of andesitic-dacitic lava flows. Return to The Electronic Volcano Thanks for rating! It … A charcoal-colored line running from the caldera through the green vegetation may be a lava flow or ash deposit. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. C. Kordiljeroje, PV Kolumbija Galeras, a stratovolcano in the southwestern part of Colombia, is one of the South American country's most active volcanoes. Flight Center. 4 - Colombia | ReliefWeb", "Image: Crateres_de_impacto_erupcion_Galeras_ene_17_2008_sector_sur_crater.jpg, (2000 × 1500 px)", "8,000 evacuated as Colombia volcano stirs: officials", "Galeras volcano erupts in southwestern Colombia", Eruptions of Galeras Volcano Situation Report No 1, "Evacuation after Colombia volcano erupts", Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Thousands flee after volcano begins to erupt in Colombia, GOES imagery of the 03 January 2010 eruption (CIMSS Satellite Blog), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Galeras&oldid=995944116, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:28. Ash fell on Pasto and some other towns near the volcano, where an evacuation was ordered but reportedly ignored. Mount Rainier is an active volcano located in the state of Washington, United States. K back. Laguna de la Cocha. Eruptions in more recent times, which have been recorded consist of those in 1535, December 1580, July 1616, 1641, 1670, 1754, November 1796, June 1823, October 1828, 1834, October 1865, July 1889, 1891, December 1923, October 1924, October 1932, February 1936, July 1947, January 1950, 1974, February 1989, January 1990, January 1993, March 2000, June 2002, July 2004, November 2005, October 2007, January 2008, February 2009, March 2009, January 2010, and August 2010. This photo shows the central vent and associated lava flows. [4], Elements in the media made the event controversial by suggesting the expedition leader, geologist Stanley Williams, who survived along with four others, had ignored safety procedures. Galeras is the light green area near the center of the image. Galeras is part of the South American Andes mountain chan. Longitude is a similar measurement east or west of the Greenwich meridian. In light of its violent eruptive history and proximity to the 450,000 people of Pasto, Galeras was designated a Decade Volcano in 1991, identifying it as a target for detailed study as part of the United Nations' International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Although they knew Galeras was the most active volcano in Colombia, and had erupted almost 30 times in 500 years, most recently in July 1992, … Epicenter latitude / longitude: 1.11°N / 77.44°W Nearest volcano: Galeras (15 km / 9 mi) Nearby towns and cities: 20 km (12 mi) S of Sandona (pop: 10,400) See nearby quakes! Discussion and Conclusions indicated by the solid triangle (latitude 1.23 and longitude 77.36 ). Although it is classed as an active volcano, the last major eruption was about a century ago in 1894. A dense plume of ash and steam rises from Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano in this photo-like image from May 10, 2010. 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2020 galeras volcano longitude and latitude