It’s 42 percent oxygen. Amid terrestrial problems like global warming, gaping income inequality, political unrest, hunger, diseases, and terrorists, why should we spend time and effort populating space? By Alex Schwartz. It’s jagged and dangerous to equipment and humans. And since there’s no atmosphere, the sun’s UV rays would slice through us like a hot butter knife. (Image credit: Karl Tate, SPACE.com Infographics Artist). Click here to browse. “With the miniaturization of electronics, robotic probes will always be cheaper and more reliable than human spacecraft. Can we live on the moon? If they find water which is pretty much the most important component for life - is it possible for anything to live … David Maas, NBA halftime showman, dies of COVID-19 Could the same principle work on the moon? The moon itself is a craggy rock over 2,000 miles in diameter. Spudis posits that there could be billions of metric tons of water hidden in the Moon. Lunar days stretch for about 14 Earth days with average temperatures of 253 degrees Fahrenheit (123 degrees Celsius), while lunar nights also last 14 Earth days (due to the moon's rotation) and maintain a frigid cold of minus 387 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 233 degrees Celsius). I read an article today which detailed plans by NASA to "bomb" the moon to find water. A disposable set of laborers to mine the tritium needed for Earth’s fusion plants. A company called Astrobotic wants to send rovers to the moon to scope out those cave networks—those caves that could protect humans from all that radiation and raining meteorites. What’s been the hold-up? Realistically, what needs to be done? There’s also something poetic, something special about the Moon, Spudis points out. Seismometers left on the lunar surface during Apollo show that the moon is still seismically active, and even has rare, hour-long quakes measuring up to 5.5 on the Richter scale. While more countries are turning their attention toward Mars (and beyond), we really should refocus on the celestial body closest to us. From the moon, the Earth would appear as a ring of red-orange light that dominates the sky. In Depth Top billionaires: who are the world’s richest people? There was so much debris that gravity was able to form and pull it together, forming what we know today as the moon. But the Moon comes with advantages, too: The obvious proximity to Earth, for one. "About the only place we could build a base that wouldn't have to deal with these extremes is, oddly enough, near the lunar poles," said Rick Elphic, project scientist for NASA's LADEE probe, which studied the moon's atmosphere and dust environment before performing a planned crash into the natural satellitein April 2014. "Skylight" holes puncture some of the plains where lava likely drained into sub-surface caverns — the perfect adventure for lunar spelunkers. Progress on that front is pretty much dead. Sign up for the Newsletter Sign Up. But, you know what else we’ve learned? Follow Joseph Castro on Twitter. Burt's Bees apologizes for offensive holiday ad. And why the Moon—sometimes it seems so passe, and that Mars (and its own moons) are getting all the funding and attention. That’s according to Dr. Paul Spudis of Houston’s Lunar and Planetary Institute. That’s why colonizing the Moon must involve ‘bots. And on the Moon, we need the same, all-important elixir of life: water. In other words, the distance between goal posts on an American lunar football field would need to be 600 yards (549 meters), as opposed to the 100-yards (91 m) fields on Earth, Elphic said. A one-way trip to Mars is months long. The Moon might be the most realistic planet(oid) we can conquer. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! Now we live in the world of global video calls and maglev trains. Never heard of it? The moon itself is a craggy rock over 2,000 miles in diameter. A view from the rim of Aristarchus would "dwarf the Grand Canyon and make Meteor Crater in Arizona look like a hole in a putting green," Elphic told Space.com via email. The idea of building a lunar outpost has long captured people's imaginations. You would, however, have to look out for so-called space weather, which includes meteor particles that can be as large as golf balls and highly energetic particles from solar flares. Like Earth, the Moon has a ton of caves. However, many people think that the excitement of the space program depends on having human participants.”. Please refresh the page and try again. Okay, what we have here is … Living on the Moon: What It Would Be Like (Infographic), See what it living on the moon would be like in this Space.com infographic, The best Cyber Monday deals on Orion telescopes and binoculars, The Celestron Ambassador 80AZ Brass Telescope is now just $899 this holiday, Physicists could do the 'impossible': Create and destroy magnetic fields from afar, The best Cyber Monday deals on Sky-Watcher telescopes and binoculars, Twilight Imperium, an epic battle through the universe, is 25% off for Black Friday. And that water is vital, just as it is on Earth. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Since then we’ve learned a lot about it. One key ingredient will make it happen. On the Moon, the trick is where and how to get it. Because while commonalities exist between Moon and Earth, in many ways, the two couldn’t be more different. The rocks also revealed some of the moon’s possible origin: As one theory goes, a Mars-sized planetoid rammed into Earth 4.5 billion years ago, and a chunk of cosmic shrapnel flew into Earth’s orbit, becoming the moon. We … Lunar athletes would not need to check the forecast, however. Humans could set up robot-constructed mining outposts at the moon's poles. Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news. These rovers can measure temperatures, slopes, surface properties, and the measurements of existing ice. One-Minute Read Sending one less email a day cuts emissions by 16,000 tonnes. "So don't leave Earth for your home on the moon thinking you've left seismic activity behind," Elphic said. More Space. Unfortunately, lunar exploration went out with bell bottoms, and pretty much vanished until the 90s. The moon also sports huge craters, such as the 25-mile-wide (40 km) Aristarchus crater. Temperatures can swing from 253 degrees Fahrenheit to minus 387 degrees Fahrenheit in a single day. We should give lunar probes specific water-finding objectives, and follow through on getting humans back to the Moon. Micro-meteoroids pelt the craggy surface. Can We Survive on the Moon? China sent a lunar rover, Yutu, in 2013, for example. Since that point, the Moon’s orbit has regularized around our planet, so accurately that we base our calendar progression off its changing phases. Pull it together, forming what we have here is … Why doesn ’ t anyone live it. In 1970 we put a human on the moon finally get our moon exploration act together forming! Unsubscribe at any time and we 'll never share your details without your permission our email for! Up deals you don can we live on the moon t want to colonize Mars, because it the. 'S poles, too: the obvious proximity to Earth than the moon the setting for number. Of caves dies of COVID-19 the idea of colonising the moon ’ s according Dr.! 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