Political implications: served as counterbalance to Confucian activism, Educator and political adviser Heroic warriors and outspoken wives in Homer's world Speculation about a single, universal god emerged, Roman deities: gods, goddesses, and household gods A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Alexander the Great conquered Babylonia and Elam. Vaishyas and shudras saw unprecedented wealth Ramayana, a secular story of Rama and Sita, was changed into a Hindu story Maintained domination and kept slaves in line by a powerful military machine Roman Republic 509 bce - 1 ce. Emerged from the teachings of Zarathustra This was a war between Athens and Sparta. Tensions led to two armed camps, under leadership of Athens and Sparta That was only 5% of the test! This civilization had a highly advanced numeral system with place values. Legacy of Greek philosophy- intellectual authorities for European philosophers until 17th century; intellectual inspiration for Christian and Islamic theologians, The kingdom of Macedon, a frontier state north of peninsular Greece Legend (Opens a modal) Possible mastery points. In History. This Edict raised religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman empire. Mostly killed in power struggle, Divided the empire into two administrative districts The silk road carried Chinese exports such as teas, salt, and porcelains. Citizenship was open to free adult males, not to foreigners, slaves, and women Conflicts with Rome, Byzantium, and Kush Educated or skilled slaves worked as craftsmen and business managers Merchants brought in various crops from India and China Paper production; replaced silk and bamboo as writing material Roman authorities kept Germanic peoples on the borders as a buffer Imperial monopolies on production of iron and salt The Neolithic Revolution was the gradual process in which agriculture, and consequently civilization, developed around the world. Unit: 600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations. Instructed young women in music and literature at home Wealth of the city of Rome fueled its urban development High point was Emperor Kashika, 78-103 Buddhist doctrine: the dharma- religious and moral duty Founded Maurya dynasty stretching from Bactria to Ganges Cult of Isis very popular, Imperial expansion and domestic problems Skill Summary Legend (Opens a modal) Ancient Persia. Smaller and more decentralized than Maurya Standardized coins, good trade routes, markets, banks First sermon about 528 bce at the Deer Park of Sarnath Buddha became a god Continuous tension between the Antigonid rulers and Greek cities Roman Empire 600 BCE -600 CE BY: Amalia Torres P.1. Kautala's advice manual, Arthashastra, outlined administrative methods Greeks founded more than 400 colonies Assassinated in 44 bce, Roman expansion into Mediterranean basin, western Europe, down Nile to Kush Unit: 600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations. Cultural development, Civil war This philosophy attained prominence during the turbulent warring states era. Silk Roads begin to be used 3. Concentrated on formation of junzi- superior individuals Moral formula: good words, good deeds, good thoughts Ethics and politics- not religious The change of the capital of Rome occurred when Constantine I moved his capital there to Rome. Persia and Egypt- grain Policies were written on rocks or pillars Heavenly paradise and hellish realm as reward and punishment Project of connecting and extending the Great Wall 100. Tomb was underground palace with army of life-size terra-cotta figures Mithradates I established an empire through conquests He realized that conditioned experiences could not provide lasting happiness or protection from suffering. Advocated moral education and good public behavior, Qin, located in west China, adopted Legalist policies New capital at Constantinople, Germanic migrations from northern Europe to eastern and northern part of Roman empire 753- 509 BCE For the early civilization for the Roman empire, most of its history was made by these three groups: Etruscans, Latins and Greeks. Cultivate personal morality and junzi for bringing order to China, The doctrine of practical and efficient statecraft Active marketplaces, especially along Ganges 184. Attractions: baths, pools, gymnasia, circuses, stadiums, amphitheaters The Ptolemaic Empire: Egypt- the wealthiest Ahura Mazda as a supreme deity, with 6 lesser deities Local officials were from local population Imperial authority survived in the eastern half of the empire, Important developments of the classical era reduced risks AD is short for Anno Domini,Latin for year of the Lord. You can review all the cause-and-effect relations of timeline / Create Public Timelines Library FAQ. Stoics: taught individuals duty to aid others and lead virtuous lives Ambition and activism had only brought the world to chaos Rome sacked Large class of slaves who were prisoners of war and debtors Specialization of production in different regions, Became king of Persian tribes Problems of land distribution, Held by Xiongnu for years Withering of Confucianism in light of political instability Zoroastrianism influenced Judaism, Christianity, and later, Islam Han Wudi, the Martial Emperor, emphasized centralization and expansion- public works, demand for government officials Established Confucian educational system for training bureaucrats China: population dropped by a quarter from the first to seventh century ce Skill Summary Legend (Opens a modal) Ancient Persia. Women could not own landed property but could operate small businesses Slavery- one-third of the population In ancient China, the Era of Warring States gave rise to influential philosophies including Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Greek and Macedonian colonists flocked to Greek cities of the former Persia; Greek values spread ... Period 2 600 BCE - 600 CE Timeline created by frickinscholar. Learn. Excavation of the tomb since 1974, Patriarchal social structure Spartacus's uprising in 73 bce Communication systems: Persian Royal Road and postal stations (Herodutus) Aristocratic landowners were primary beneficiaries Established a vast empire from India to borders of Egypt, Largest extent of empire; population 35 million Well-engineered Roman roads; postal system The Seleucid Empire: largest, from Bactria to Anatolia In History-550 BCE. Maritime trade brought prosperity to Attica, the region of Athens Newly rich classes built palatial houses and threw lavish banquets In Roman society, the aristocrats were known as patricians. Philip of Macedon brought Greece under control; unifies poleis Overthrew the Qin. daoism was a retroactive grouping of ideas and writings which were already at least one to two centuries old. Monasteries began to accept gifts from wealthy individuals In the countryside: peasants, some of whom were building underground canals (qanat) In History-722 BCE. Religions of salvation spread through trade routes Alexander burned the city of Persepolis, Seleucus inherited most of Achaemenid when Alexander died Han empire dissolved; China was divided into regional kingdoms The first ruler if the empire was Chandragupta I. 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